学习资料库 家荣 2019-08-07 14:39:41
hello, i'm travel of small tour guide call yellow dragon in the school, then we went to the great wall this time, to spend quality time together. now i have come as an introduction to the history of the great wall. the great wall was built in the spring and autumn warring states period, now has a history of more than two thousand years. tall, strong, great wall was built with stone and chengzhuan, in ancient times is used to defense the enemy's attack.
dear visitors, we have come to the great wall. far to see the great wall, and everyone would like to: the great wall is like a long dragon.
we are climbing the great wall at badaling. badaling great wall is an important mark for the outpost and juyongguan, terrain it is, has always been mohican, is an important military pass the ming dynasty and an important barrier to the capital beijing. on the great wall, can be commanding, out of the grandeur of mountains. so far, including nixon, margaret thatcher, more than three hundred celebrities to this tour. we see below right, in where the south with a cannon, called "in general". the cannons 2.85 meters in length and diameter of 105 meters, maximum range is 500 meters, visible at the time of military industry is relatively developed.
dear visitors, now we came to shanhaiguan. shanhaiguan is the beginning of ming great wall in the northeast, is located in the east of qinhuangdao more than ten thousands meters, since ancient times is the military town in our country. shanhaiguan city is not large, connected to the great wall, is close to city. ming hongwu years (1381), 14 zhongshanwang xu da was ordered to take wing yongping boundary ridge, etc, create the mountain in the sea, so its name shanhaiguan. shanhaiguan scenic places of interest, beautiful landscapes, pleasant climate, is a famous historical and cultural city and tourist summer resort. shanhaiguan scenic spots for the great wall as the main line, to form the "old faucet," "meng jiangnu temple," "angle mountain," "world," "long shou," "yan lake" six big scenic spot.
every weekend night 6:30 a.m. to 21 points are open to visitors free of charge, welcome to visit at night.
everybody is good! welcome to badaling scenic sightseeing accompany you visit together, today i am very happy, hope you can spend a good time at badaling, my name is du, named du xinyue, so today i'll be your tour guide.
the great wall is one of the famous wonders of the world, he is like a dragon entrenched in north china's vast land. he is the crystallization of the ancient chinese working people sweat, is also a symbol of ancient chinese culture and the pride of the chinese democracy.
visitors, we have arrived at the famous badaling great wall, on either side of the great wall have rows and rows of buttress, and outlook. on the top of the wall, every three hundred meters there is a square chengtai, is the bulwark of station troops. war, between the chengtai can mutual echo.
built on the ridge, restricted by terrain, mountain potential, low west high east, east narrow width, only five thousand square meters, wengcheng no well, lack of water sources, usually in small, guarding city built in the northwest three mile weng city. wengcheng in an original "was made in the courtyard residence".
ok, dear visitors, now is free time, please visitors in a good to have a closer look at the badaling great wall! give you two hours, then set here.
time is up, we should and badaling great wall goodbye, let's go, we come in next time for a visit.
TothenorthwestandnorthofBeijing,全国庞大,serratedwallzigzagsit 'swaytotheeastandwestalongtheundulatingmountains.ThisistheGreatWall,whichissaidtobevisiblefromthemoon.ConstructionoftheGreatWallstartedinthe7thcenturyB.C.ThevassalstatesundertheZhouDynastyinthenorthernpartsofthecountryeachbuilttheirownwallsfordefencepurposes.AfterthestateofQinunifiedChinain221B.C.,itjoinedthewallstoholdofftheinvadersfromtheXiongnutribesinthenorthandextendedthemtomorethan10,000lior5,000kilometers.ThisistheoriginofthenameOfthe“10000 - liGreatWall”.TheGreatWallwasrenovatedfromtimetotimeaftertheQinDynasty.AmajorrenovationstartedwiththefoundingoftheMingDynastyin1368,andtook200yearstocomplete.Thewallweseetodayisalmostexactlytheresultofthiseffort.Withatotallengthofover6,000kilometers,itextendstothejiayuPainGansuProvinceinthewestandtothemouthoftheYaluRiverinLiaoningProvinceintheeast.WhatliesnorthofBeijingisbutasmallsectionofit。
TheGreatWallisoneofthegreatinterests。ItbuildsinQinDynasty。Atfirstitisusedtoprotectthepeoplefromtheenemies。TheGreatWall”,thehighestwallisabout10meters stotallengthismorethan7000kilos。ThereisbeautifulsceneryandtreeswithgreenshadearoundTheGreatWall。Itattractsmanytourists。Asthesayingsays”,HewhohasneverbeentotheGreatWallisnotatrueman。“ItisChina的spride !
The Great Wall, like the Pyramids of Egypt, the Taj Mahal(1) in India and the Hanging Garden of Babylon(2), is one of the great wonders of the world. Starting out in the east on the banks of the Yalu River in Liaoning Province, the Wall stretches westwards for 12,700 kilometers to Jiayuguan in the Gobi desert, thus known as the Ten Thousand Li Wall in China. The Wall climbs up and down, twists and turns along the ridges of the Yanshan and Yinshan Mountain Chains through five provinces-Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Gansu--and two autonomous regions--Ningxia and Inner Mongolia, binding the northern China together.
Historical records trace the construction of the origin of the Wall to defensive fortification back to the year 656 B.C. during the reign of King Cheng of the States of Chu. Its construction continued throughout the Warring States period in the fifth Century B.C. when ducal states Yan, Zhao, Wei, and Qin were frequently plundered by the nomadic peoples living north of the Yinshan and Yanshan mountain ranges. Walls, then, were built separately by these ducal states to ward off such harassments. Later in 221 B.C., when Qin conquered the other states and unified China, Emperor Qinshihuang ordered the connection of these individual walls and further extensions to form the basis of the present great wall. As a matter of fact, a separate outer wall was constructed north of the Yinshan range in the Han Dynasty(206 BC--1644 BC.), which went to ruin through years of neglect.
In the many intervening centuries, succeeding dynasties rebuilt parts of the Wall. The most extensive reinforcements and renovations were carried out in the Ming Dynasty (1368--1644) when altogether 18 lengthy stretches were reinforced with bricks and rocks. it is mostly the Ming Dynasty Wall that visitors see today. The Great Wall is divided into two sections, the east and west, with Shanxi Province as the dividing line. The west part is a rammed earth construction, about 5.3 meters high on average. In the eastern part, the core of the Wall is rammed earth as well, but the outer shell is reinforced with bricks and rocks.
The most imposing and best preserved sections of the Great Wall are at Badaling and Mutianyu, not far from Beijing and both are open to visitors. The Wall of those sections is 7.8 meters high and 6.5 meters wide at its base, narrowing to 5.8 meters on the ramparts, wide enough for five horses to gallop abreast. There are ramparts, embrasures, peep-holes and apertures for archers on the top, besides gutters with gargoyles to drain rain-water off the parapet walk. Two-storied watch-towers are built at approximately 400-meters internals. The top stories of the watch-tower were designed for observing enemy movements, while the first was used for storing grain, fodder, military equipment and gunpowder as well as for quartering garrison soldiers.
The highest watch-tower at Badaling standing on a hill-top, is reached only after a steep climb, like "climbing a ladder to heaven". The view from the top is rewarding, hoverer. The Wall follows the contour of mountains that rise one behind the other until they finally fade and merge with distant haze. A signal system formerly existed that served to communicate military information to the dynastic capital. This consisted of beacon towers on the Wall itself and on mountain tops within sight of the Wall. At the approach of enemy troops, smoke signals gave the alarm from the beacon towers in the daytime and bonfire did this at night.
Dear ladies and gentlemen. Good morning, everyone:
Very honored to be your tour guide, my name is xu, you can call me Mr. Xu guide, if you have any questions, you can ask me.
We went to the attractions is the Great Wall.
You see, today we go to one of the world famous heritage of the Great Wall like a dragon? He winding between mountains, we now stand at the foot of the mountain, look, you may be more than only a few thousand miles, in fact, he has more than thirteen thousand. We are now on to take a look! Everyone to see, how magnificent Great Wall spirit show in front of our eyes, look! Our feet stepping is square brick, now let's hold the stone on the wall, a walk, you feel? Right, before how hard working people, they put their own wisdom and sweat to the Great Wall, we must cherish now the Great Wall, the Great Wall is built against the huge stone and ChengZhuan. Outside walls along the rows of buttress has two meters high, there are square lookout on buttress and the nozzle mouth, for observation and shooting, and on the top of the wall, there is a square more than three hundred miles every ChengTai, is the bulwark of station troops.
As we all know the story about the badaling and the legend of the Great Wall? Badaling the title of the story is called "must play leud" : the zhou dynasty had a king named zhou you king, he has a beauty called praised si, her temper is very strange, always don't smile, you think of some way to the king. So he lit up a distress signal (fire), as a result, drew leud come white, but praised si ha ha laugh, you king is also very happy. But, really have an enemy to attack, you king lit the fire, but no one come, and he was killed by the enemy.
The legend of the Great Wall is also very good to listen, named "meng jiangnu cry the Great Wall" : the story of meng jiangnu cry the Great Wall, is China's famous ancient folklore, it in the form of drama, songs, poems, rap, etc, widely circulated, household can stomach. Mouth hard heavy when qin shihuang, young men and women Fan Xiliang, meng jiangnu just married three days, the groom was forced to start to build the Great Wall, soon died of cold and tired, bones buried under the long wall. Meng jiangnu with woolies, through hardships, wanli predicament came to the Great Wall, got the news of her husband. More than three days and three nights, she cry at the gate, the city of cleft, revealing Fan Xiliang corpses, meng jiangnu sea died in despair. From then on, shanhaiguan is considered by later generations as "meng jiangnu cry the Great Wall", and cover the meng jiangnu temple, there are often stationed here with one of the leaders of tears.
Now, stories and legends to listen to, we can free to play, remember after 1 hour, we set here, pay attention to, don't litter.